Bonsai Tree is a marvelous plant, native to East Asian art. It looks like a mature tree, but it does not exceed four feet in height. With its mystery and magic, Bonsai Tree confers your Décor, an elegant Asian touch, and a beautiful view.
Numerous people enjoy the beauty of the Bonsai Tree, but most of them ignore the professional Bonsai Tree care, and still ask themselves these kinds of questions: “how do I look after my Bonsai Tree?” “Do the bonsai trees need sunlight?” “is it necessary to have a Bonsai Tree care kit to keep my plant-strong and appealing?” ” Should I trim my bonsai tree?”.
In this post, you’ll find the answer to all these questions and many more pieces of information that interest you.
- How do I look after my Bonsai Tree?
- Outdoor bonsai tree care
- Types of bonsai trees
- Ficus bonsai tree care
- Juniper bonsai tree care
How do I look after my Bonsai Tree?
Actually, Bonsai Tree care should be included in your daily activities because this dwarf plant needs special care to stay healthy.
Do the bonsai trees need sunlight? Of course! And it needs it every day. Exposing your Bonsai Tree to moderate full sunlight at least a few hours a day is an important condition in bonsai tree life, but avoid any heat source such as oven, television, microwave, etc. that could damage your tree.
“I DRY, I DIE” that’s what the Bonsai Tree says to you. Humidity makes your plant happy, so water it generously once a week and try to keep its happiness by using a humidity tray with a base of stone or gravel that holds water.
When the spring hugs the planet, add a new tool into your Bonsai Tree care kit, which is Bonsai Tree fertilizer. Water-soluble fertilizer, as well as organic fertilizer pellets, give your plant the necessary nourishment to keep good health.
Keep in mind that the growing season of a Bonsai tree is from the early spring through late summer, and this the ideal period to fertilize it weekly.
During the year, it’s not necessary to fertilize your Bonsai Tree in the non-growth period.
should I trim my bonsai tree? You may wonder about that, especially when the shape of your plant changes.
Remember that what makes the Bonsai Tree distinguished is its shape. That’s why your Bonsai Tree care kit should include a variety of Bonsai pruning scissors that help it have a unique esthetic touch.
- Handled scissors:
Handled scissors with heavy blades are perfect for roots when you repot the plant. Suitable for the tops, but you can’t get a clean cut for much detail.
- Cutter branches:
Use the rear of the branch cutter to remove branches. Some large branches can damage the tool, so make sure that you’re using the correct size.
- Concave branch cutters:
If you need to have just one bonsai tool, then you should have a concave branch cutter. This tool is perfect for practitioners who prefer to work with a multipurpose tool. It’s a brunch cutter and knob at the same time.
- Knob cutters:
This tool is used to cut limbs near to the trunk. Due to its rounded jaws, it makes concave that heal quickly when cutting thick woody branches.
Remember that the previously mentioned tools are the most important and handy ones in pruning a bonsai tree process.
Wiring is a technique among others that helps a bonsai tree significantly to get its magical shape.
Reposition the branches by wrapping a wire around it and remove it after a few months when they take a new shape.
To apply or remove a bonsai wire from branches or trunks, you need Jin pliers that help make this task easy and safe.
The slow rhythm of your plant’s growth in the previous seasons, falling of leaves during the early autumn, reduction of leaf size, compact soil, those are signs that invite you to take the action of repotting.
The ideal time of repotting your bonsai tree is the late winter, in general, mid- February. Still, you can repot it if it is needed in the growing season.
Outdoor bonsai tree care
The bonsai tree is among indoor plants, but if you plan to put it outdoors, then you need to know how to look after it in some special circumstances.
An abundant amount of sunlight is necessary for healthy growth, and this kind of plant doesn’t support waves of heat and needs to be protected from it.
In the summer season, the bonsai tree suffers from low humidity. For this reason, you need to wet everything near to your plant and place it on a humidity tray filled with water to increase humidity.
Watering and Fertilizing
The outdoor bonsai tree care varies from a season to another, and so, the amount of water that satisfies your outdoor bonsai tree needs is not always the same.
This amount depends on a good number of factors, such as weather, growth cycle, soil fertility, positioning, stat of the tree’s health, etc.
Water your plant once a week with a good quantity of water, and increase it in the summer season to maintain a healthy development of your dwarf tree.
No Bonsai tree care professional can deny that fertilizer is just a substitute for basic nutrients that already exist in healthy soil.
Fertilizer breaks down in the soil, which fortifies it, and permits roots to absorb the materials.
The bonsai tree fertilizer should be rich in nutrients, like Nitrogen, which helps leaf production, phosphorus for roots and flower production, and potassium for flower production.
Positioning plays a major role in outdoor bonsai tree care. Therefore, keeping the bonsai tree outdoor in high temperatures is not a good idea. It’s advisable to place your tree in a green place or indoor.
Moreover, a gust of wind can cause severe damage to your valuable bonsai. Try to position the tree depending on weather changes to protect it from external factors that can harm it.
When it comes to Bonsai tree pruning, both indoors and outdoors need two main techniques.
Maintenance bonsai pruning: aims to maintain the shape of the tree by pruning regularly the outgrown and top areas to encourage growth.
It’s advisable to practice this technique in the growing season from March to September.
The structural bonsai tree: structural decisions are hard to take because they are irreversible, that’s why you may feel worry when your bonsai tree needs to change its basic shape. You should decide each branch to remove and imagine how it will look like after the prune.
The structural-pruning should be before and after the growth seasons. Some spices may need different timing.
Types of bonsai trees
To know which type of bonsai trees is best for you. You need to take into account three things: where do you live, the place where you will position it, and the time that you can spend to ensure the right bonsai tree care.
There are many types of bonsai trees, we can mention: Ficus, juniper, azalea, bamboo bonsai, buttonwood, boxwood bonsai, and Raintree, etc. However, Juniper and Ficus are the most popular types of bonsai trees.
Ficus bonsai tree care
If you’re a beginner, the Ficus bonsai tree is the best type for you. These famous bonsai trees are mainly tropical plants and have so many spices like Retusa, Carica, Benjamina, and others.
Ficus bonsai trees tolerate low humidity and light and can be kept outdoors in the summer.
Balance watering, because lack of water lets roots and leaves dry, and too much water will damage the tree.
Bonsai trees love humidity, so mist often the leaves during the day and use a humidity tray.
Fertilizing is an important key in Ficus bonsai tree care, so do it once every two weeks from spring to autumn and once a month in winter.
When the Ficus bonsai tree is in good health, it will have fast growth. After 6-10 leaves grow, prune back 2-4.
It’s recommended to repot your Ficus every two years in the spring, and use a basic soil mix. Give it abundant water and position it in a shady place for several weeks to give life to the new roots.
The technique of wiring is used to train bonsai trees into various styles and shapes. Wrap your Ficus carefully with a thin wire to direct branches in the desired position.
After about 6 weeks, the Ficus will be able to maintain its new shape. Then you have just to cut wire carefully and repeat the process when you feel the need.
Juniper bonsai tree care
This beautiful tree is considered the most popular bonsai tree and belongs to the Cypress family. With foliage colors that go from dark blue-green to light greens and hardwood. The hardness of Juniper wood makes it fit great with cabinetry.
Juniper bonsai tree care involves positioning, watering, fertilizing, repotting, wiring, as all types of bonsai trees, but it does not require too many skills and techniques, that’s why it’s easy for beginners.
Junipers bonsai are outdoor trees, and cannot live indoors. Expose your juniper to full sunlight and protect it from cold temperatures and gust of wind.
Junipers accept slightly dry soil. Water well your juniper and permit the soil to absorb water and get dry then water it again.
Regular misting for leaves and setting the pot on a humidity tray will guarantee an optimum of humidity for the tree.
Fertilize your tree with liquid fertilizer once a month during spring and fall seasons. Don’t fertilize it after repotting or in the summer season.
Junipers under the age of 10 years should be repotted every two years, and those older than 10 should be repotted every three or four years.
Bonsai is not only the art of growing trees in small shallows or containers, but it could be an emotional plant-human connection by learning more about the tree and giving it the right care. The piece of art in front of you daily -bonsai tree- is enough to nudge you softly in a sea of serenity and deep meditation. Click here to learn more about bonsai styles and aesthetic value.